agendaTracker

The Invasion Debate: Was Australia invaded or peacefully settled?

NATIONAL: Earlier this month, the City of Sydney Council voted 8-2 in favour of using the word “invasion” in the preamble to its city plan for 2030. It followed lobbying by the council’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander advisory body. The decision immediately sparked controversy, lighting up talkback radio shows and spurring hundreds of online comments over the question: was Australia invaded, or was it peacefully settled?

 

Aboriginal dancers looking out onto Sydney Harbour during Australia Day celebrations - or Invasion Day commemorations ... depending on your perspective. (AAP IMAGE)

MICHAEL MANSELL ARGUES FOR…

The Daily Telegraph newspaper got upset at the Sydney City Council stating the First Fleet landing at Port Jackson was an invasion.

Although the newspaper gave no reasons as to why it believed Australia was peacefully settled, the Editor roundly condemned the Sydney Council’s position.

It claimed anyone who subscribed to the view that whites invaded Aboriginal people’s lands in 1788 should go back to where they came from!

In other words, if the argument cannot be beaten, send them home so we can ignore them.

It seems it does not pay to speak out in NSW.

The Daily Telegraph would do well to remember a dictum of one of its own, Winston Churchill: the truth is incontrovertible, malice may attack it, ignorance may deride it; but in the end, there it is.’

My dictionary contains a clear definition of invasion,

It is: ‘the act of invading as an enemy; entrance as if to take possession or overrun’.

So what do we know of the landing in 1788?

Historians agree that of the nine British ships that made up the first fleet, two were warships.

These warships carried 18 cannons on deck.

They were backed up by 245 marines armed to the teeth.

A further 306 ship’s crews were on standby.

It was a small army backed up by a powerful part of Britain’s navy.

When they landed at Port Jackson in 1788, the 1,373 newcomers intended to establish a colony on the shores of the lands of Aboriginal people.

Just in case, a further six cannon were ready to be taken ashore to protect the colony against any opposition.

Their intention was clear: one way or another, consent of the natives was never a consideration.

If that landing could be described as a peaceful settlement, then so too could the US-led wars in Iraq, Afghanistan and Vietnam.

Like the western invasion of the countries mentioned above, the British stayed here, created government, an economy and imposed their own legal systems with force.

Today “boat people” are told to get visas, and immigrants to learn the language and culture to blend in.

Strangely, ultra-right wing Liberal Senator Eric Abetz claimed the use of the term ‘invasion’ to describe events in 1788 meant native title could not exist.

What nonsense.

It is because there was an invasion in the first place that the British legal rules for conquered peoples applied, one of which is native title.

Little wonder the good Senator declined Tracker’s^ invitation to elaborate on his argument.

The High Court regularly reminds us the invasion of a people’s country is a political and not a legal matter.

The white law does not consider the rights or wrongs of the invasion but simply applies rules to the consequences of that invasion.

Native title is recognition of Aboriginal land interests that survived the dispossession and slaughter.

The Daily Telegraph also urged the Sydney Council to stop looking backwards.

STORY CONTINUES OVER PAGE

This entry was posted in Opinion and tagged , , , ,

38 Comments

  1. Les McDonald
    Posted August 12, 2011 at 12:11 pm | Permalink

    History reveals The King George of England declared war on all lane in the Name of the Dutch in 1786, as this land was called New Holland (1606) at that time, in 1788, the British arrived with a fleet of some 11 ships 3 being ship of War, However the Dutch were obligated under maritime law at that time, and abandon this land, as they did Van Diemans Land

    Captain Philip entered later named Botany Bay, English Marines boarded a French boat mourned in the bay Captain La Purouse, they seised all charts, records and maps, soon after the boat found a sea wrecked.,

    As to comply with the know world law, The British maintain that this was only to be penal settlement, their is no records, that the British crown declared war on the Native inhabits of this land.

    Les McDonald
    Chief Lore Officer’
    Aboriginal Embassy Victoria

  2. Joyce Summers
    Posted August 17, 2011 at 3:13 pm | Permalink

    Lt James cook declared that this land belonged to no-one. Why? Because he did not see any tilled farmland as is done in England. The British, under this premise assumed if they could come and farm this land then it would automatically make the land theirs.By ignoring the original people of this country we were negated. Eventually this came to be known as Terra Nullius. Now, seeing that Terra Nullius was overturned in 1992 what does that tell us. Our land was taken by force without a declaration of war and our people forced to adapt and adopt a different language and way of life. Is this not invasion?
    Joyce Summers
    An Aboriginal woman with a viewpoint.

  3. Trevor Edmond
    Posted August 22, 2011 at 10:41 pm | Permalink

    The Aboriginal peoples of Australia had laws by which they lived. White man came with superior weapons and made laws that legalized the seizure of Aboriginal land. (1778)
    The Federal Government suspends laws and makes others that legitimizes the take over of administration of Aboriginal owned lands in the Northern Territory. (2007).
    Has anything changed?
    Oh! One more thing. The Queensland Government and NSW Governments witheld wages earned by Aboriginal workers (1900 – 1968) and failed to put it in a safe place. Now they say sorry and pay out only a portion.
    Federal Government now (2006) witholds part of welfare entitlements in the NT. Who knows where and how much of this money is going. And, who is accountable?
    All this to “Save the Little Children”?

  4. Norma Carney
    Posted August 24, 2011 at 11:26 pm | Permalink

    We need acknoledgement of past to go forward into the future.
    Truth in history is important or you are trying to cheat life it’s self.
    I desend from Jimmy Lambert shot in the leg around 8years old while the rest of his tribe was killed he lived to tell the story and died with the bullet still in his leg in the 1880′s. he was in his 80′s

    • nikki
      Posted June 23, 2012 at 2:02 pm | Permalink

      hi
      i am the great great great grandaughter of jimmy lambert
      we may be related
      let me know we are dabee wiradjuri
      regards
      nikki

  5. Dean B
    Posted August 31, 2011 at 6:22 pm | Permalink

    I thought this would have had a lot more comment.
    England invaded Australia and settled it, just how things were done back then. I dont have a problem with the using of the word invasion, thats what it was. No money or anything changed hands but in an invasion it doesnt. The English came in, invaded and took ownership of the land. I dont know anyone that was alive at the time to say any different. The English took control of Australia in what was the accepted way at the time. Just like Argentina tried to do in the Falklands war in 1982. How on earth Argentina thought they wouldnt get beaten is beyond me but if they took control they wouldnt have been paying anyone for the land because it was an invasion…. What is there to dispute?

    ps, unlike now, where America and China are buying Australia one farm at a time and no one is stopping them :( The Chinese Government plan on buying our farms and mining them or shipping the food back to China.. Instead of fighting for land rights we should be fighting to stop foreign ownership. We can fight for land rights once we have that under control. http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/land-rush/story-fn59niix-1226085165144

    • david lander
      Posted September 18, 2011 at 4:20 am | Permalink

      @DEAN B, all invasions come with ongoing costs. are you staying, or when are you leaving? honestly, i wish these settlers would just settle up as well as down, blindly stumbling for the dictionary for solace every time this subject emerges. stuff that, we want redress, asap!

    • Norma Carney
      Posted February 2, 2013 at 9:35 pm | Permalink

      Dean
      The loss of everything been taken away.

      We didn’t loose it was taken away in a brutal way.

      Freedom to have a choice is important cultural spirit is apart of us not the colour of our skin.

      Cost to all is a large part of past wrongs that have not been addressed but brushed aside.

      Because it happened in the passed doesn’t mean it didn’t happen.

  6. Kenelm Tonkin
    Posted September 7, 2011 at 5:14 pm | Permalink

    This article sets the appropriate tone, is right on point and elegantly expresses the view of most Australians. You don’t advance reconciliation by invalidating any group, Indigenous or those of British heritage. So this invasion debate sets things back. As a City of Sydney ratepayer, I’m looking for imaginative solutions for the future, initiatives which empower and enrich us all, our Indigenous brothers and sisters included. Let’s fashion that future together, not rewrite history. It seems to me that, in Councillor Shayne Mallard, the City of Sydney has a balanced, articulate and fair representative. All credit to him.

    • Norma Carney
      Posted February 2, 2013 at 9:40 pm | Permalink

      We don’t wont History rewritten just truth in it.

      “Those that don’t know and learn from his-story are bound to repeat it”

  7. BJM
    Posted September 16, 2011 at 1:54 pm | Permalink

    I once had a Cook Island friend who said that we Aboriginals did it all wrong. I asked him what he meant and he said ‘we just ate ‘em’ …… maybe that is why they weren’t invaded

  8. Gunham Badi Jagamarr
    Posted September 17, 2011 at 2:31 am | Permalink

    This land was peacefully settled until a bunch of badly behaving trespassing Brits arrived and thought they could ignore the statutes of their own UK parliament and usurp the Sovereignty of the Tribes….a stunt they have almost pulled off with the assistance of people like Les …….’Australia’ is a corporate state with NO lawful claim to Sovereignty of ANY standing over the lands of this continent….if Les was half as smart as he thinks he is he would comprehend this…oor maybe he is and we underestimate his agenda.

    The Act of Settlement 1701, the Pacific Islander Protection Act 1875 (PIP Act), and even the CONstitution its self deny ANY claim by the crown (in ANY of its’ purported ‘rights’ or ‘authorities’) to Sovereignty or dominion here….in fact in Section 6 of the PIP Act the Uk is limited to having jurisdiction over Her Majesties subjects ONLY…..and in Section 7 that Her Majesty was statute barred from ‘extending or construing to extend ‘ ‘sovereignty or dominion’ onto this continent – PERIOD….pretty simple….the rule regarding parliamentary authority for the UK to claim or vest sovereignty here or in the Pacific Islands can be found in Halsburys’ Rules (3rd Ed. Volume 36, Statutes, page 337, para 559.12 and 12.1) the UK parliament was statute barred from usurping the Sovereignty of the Tribes. It also dictates that because every UK parliament is Sovereign a later parliament can not derogate from the legislation of a previous parliament.

    Regardless of whether the minion ‘australian’ parliaments THINK they have attained political or parliamentary Sovereignty, the fact is they can not…they are statute barred form doing so……that is why the CONstitution held at Section 51.26 that they can not make laws for us, and at Section 127 that we are not to be counted as a part of the population of the Commonwealth or any state or territory….

    The CONstitution, being a statute of the UK parliament (or part of one anyhow) having bee given Royal Ascent by the monarch of the UK parliament applies to British subjects ONLY….

    Those British subjects living as badly behaving guests upon Tribal lands may have amended THEIR CONstitution in 1967 (to remove the above cited sections) but that act DID NOT have the effect of usurping nor altering theTribes’ Sovereignty NOR of making us British subjects….

    This land was not invaded, it is just being trespassed upon, generally by people who don’t have any idea of the truth….like Les.

  9. US MOB
    Posted October 11, 2011 at 5:03 pm | Permalink

    SUN HERALD July 3, 2011 The Fitz Files
    True meaning
    Just say that next week, a flotilla came into Sydney Harbour with people and weaponry so powerful that we were powerless to resist their intent to occupy our land, and they did not even begin to recognise our ownership of it. Just say that within a few years we had been all but wiped out, with the survivors pushed to the outer regions. Here is the question, requiring an intellectually honest answer. Would that be characterised as ”an invasion”, or not? We, surely, all know the answer, however uncomfortably that answer might sit. So what was all the recent outcry over Sydney City Council deciding to rename the landing of Captain Phillip and his men in Sydney Cove in 1788 for what it was? If the word ”invasion” is to have any meaning, then of course it has to apply to what happened. It does not mean, as all the predictable attackers have it, that all those who believe this should head to Sydney Airport so as to ”uninvade” this land. It means that by simply acknowledging the truth of the past, we’ve some chance of healing the wounds and ensuring a harmonious future. And of course ”invasion” is a very ugly and emotional word, likely to offend many. I dare say it was pretty ugly and emotional for the Aborigines at the time, too. But bravo to Councillor Marcelle Hoff, who said: ”It’s intellectually dishonest to not use words that offend some people.”

    • DEB
      Posted January 22, 2012 at 10:27 pm | Permalink

      US MOB … Well said … Truth is that anyone else not agreeing is “whitewashing” . Jan 26th is Invasion Day, a Day of Mourning for the Original Australians who lived here for the last 40,000 years as one with the land … Many newer Australians have no idea how the country was settled as a Penal Settlement by the British…mainly to rid Britain of the Irish … many have no idea of the mrders committed wiping out whole settlements of Aborigines or the Genocide of the Tasmanian Aboriganls either, neither do they know about the stolen generation … I’ve just been reading about Paul Keating’s 1992 Redfern Speech … all Australians should be aware, acknowledge the truth of the past and in doing this they have more understanding and empathy for the original Australians of this land – you’re right – this leads to True Reconciliation, not further division.

      Just for the record, my Great Great Grandfather was an Irish Convict arriving here in 1801 (not a Rebel) – I do not have much time for the British Invaders at all of any country they’ve invaded – whether it’s here, NZ, USA, India, Ireland, Scotland just to name a few.

  10. Sam
    Posted January 2, 2012 at 7:37 pm | Permalink

    Cook was given orders to make a treaty but he decided that we are not able to make a treaty (bad move on his behalf), English decendants are crazy about records because it helps their cause(because they never recorded the bad stuff) so I would like to see the non existent records that show our people giving their right to country. They dont exist like english having a legal claim, tresspass is when your moving on but aussies are fighting to cement their superiourity over everyone else for good, thats invasion

  11. Sam
    Posted January 6, 2012 at 2:19 pm | Permalink

    other nations came and left because it was taken, that proves who owns the land, who cares about laws on the other side of the globe, go home if you love the queen so much, that makes you a tourist, with terra nullius proved as a lie, customary law stands, we are not english subjects, so the queens laws dont apply to Aboriginals, bring on international law, shame the english for the devil pleasing lies and violence they insist on continuing. Im glad my family history will not be associated with the shameful history of Australia, aussie peoples grand children will be so shamed by their selfish ancestors and will be laughed at around the world, silly aussies are going against evolution trying to stop time, the level of intelligence shown by aussies give Aboriginal people hope for the future, while your people continue to think you know, my people are continuing to learn, the future makes me smile but for the scared majority that freak out at anything different all I can say is grow up.

  12. Peter
    Posted March 9, 2012 at 11:27 am | Permalink

    The larger issue here is not the labels that are put on everything, “invasion” “lost children” “stolen generation” etc etc.

    It appears to be compensation for all of the above, and that compensation has been paid out time and time again and continue to be a never ending circle, with no practical benefits.

    The only way forward is to stop being victims, my great grand parents left Demark for Australia because of the threat of war and Hitler, came here, worked their ass off and forgot the problems, just like the Greeks, the Italians, Asians people who came here for a better life.

    They don’t sit around on their lazy rear ends whining, drinking, sniffing, and moaning about what should have and what they didn’t get.

    If I went back to Denmark to claim my land, they would laugh at me, if I asked for dole payments based on my heritage, there would not be any.

    I am totally fed up with White Racism, take some responsibility for your own lives, I did not commit the crimes against Indigenous peoples, neither did my family, I did not apologise, why should I, then I become the rescuer of victims.

    • Posted March 22, 2012 at 11:13 pm | Permalink

      Attitudes like yours Peter are shameful and abhorred to women like myself, born on Kalkatungu Lands classified as an animal under the laws that your great grandparents upheld. My great great-grandfather was one of the first premiers (Archibald Mosman) of Qld; my generation of mixed blood were still under the Act which controlled livestock. I was one years old before the government of Australia recognised me and mine as citizen of this land.

      Patriarchal attitudes like yours who governed and told six generations of the women in my family to work their asses off as hired help for tea, flour and tobacco, while they banked the money.

      I am a forty six year old mother of two who is nobody’s victim and has raised my children to respect the cultures of others, whom are without an understanding of their cultural connection to this land which we are all walking on.

      Educate yourself sir as my mother and I have done before you blanket call us victims. We have university degrees; we are directors, administration, professors, lecturers and teachers, doctors’, lawyers, etc.
      Our family even though entitled to have not asked or received any compensation to achieve what we have. If you are so fed up with Racism, stop perpetuating it and have a long hard look at the real issues and the mirror.

      I did not ask for your apology nor have you rescued me or my children.

    • kevin fergusson
      Posted November 14, 2012 at 2:46 pm | Permalink

      I can’t believe this jerk! it’s narrowminded people like this dickhead that go running off at the mouth when they know that they are part of a society that don’t respect people of other cultures. I would like to debate this idiot on the lives of other people outside of the whiteman’s way . How old are you peter that you know all about the ways of the world. Be thankful that the whiteman let you into “our Country” because I wouldn’t with you redneck attitude. Don’t stay hidden behind your pen, Put yourself out there to be seen and heard and My Experience will tell you that you are in the Minority with your Racist Rant!.

      • Mike
        Posted August 17, 2013 at 8:39 pm | Permalink

        The Danish govt and monarchy pretty much carried on as normal under Nazi “settlement” Peter. Take your white blindfold off. It’s got a swasticker on it anyway.

        • Trevor Edmond
          Posted February 27, 2014 at 10:45 am | Permalink

          All too often beneath the racist cloak lays the pain and anguish of an abused, dispossed, denied and discarded being. Like many abuse survivors they, over time, and given the access to power and rank, all too easily become the abuser. The cycle repeats over and over till some form of awakening, turning, or healing takes place.
          This is a snippet from an excellent training video. You have to watch the whole video to see the point at which transformation takes place. It is very touching.

    • Amelia
      Posted August 17, 2013 at 3:36 pm | Permalink

      Peter, your ignorance and lack of empathy about the Aboriginal people make me ashamed to call myself a white Australian.

  13. Mr Anonymous
    Posted April 12, 2012 at 12:42 pm | Permalink

    Right on Yapuru!! This country’s major media sensationalists are quick to breed hatred and ignorance in reinforcing white propaganda. White propaganda is the name that portrays non white Australians and in particular aboriginal peoples with only negative representation. Consistently showcasing negative imagery without thought in providing a portrayal of these minorities that is realistic and true. This constant force feeding of false portrayal is impacting negatively on the few opportunities non white Australians have in representing themselves and their opinions to the public on this issue. In truth and reality, it seems as though White Australia’s opinions have not distanced themselves from that of the last century and this I believe can be eradicated by putting the pressure on a) the media as a short term solution and b) what children are being taught at a young age in school.

    I still remember the first time I was taught about Australia Day in grade 4 and I was neglected the aboriginal side of the story until grade 11 where in my elective subject (an unpopular school subject, modern history) was I then given by a teacher, unbiased lessons on the first fleet and it’s consequences. I felt quite betrayed that only then was I educated formerly on the issues surrounding the invasion and only then because of my elective subject, a subject that on average 40 out of 1000 students per year will be apart of. I realised I learnt more from my parents on Australian history than I did for 10 years at school and I felt as though I was misguided by the education system and led to feel that there was nothing wrong about Australian colonialism. I consider myself very lucky that I was raised in a family who’s views were opposed to White Australia and that I chose modern history as my elective. I noticed that the majority of my peers who weren’t in that class in the end became outwardly racist towards aboriginal people with somewhat daily rituals of imitating Aboriginal peoples to the point that you would hear it everytime you saw them.

  14. US MOB
    Posted May 19, 2012 at 11:06 pm | Permalink

    I imagine Peter’s great grandparents would feel significant shame if they were here today to read the distasteful, narrow minded opinions of their great grandson. The Danish people I know are compassionate, well-informed. When I sent them the writings on this page they assured me that modern Danes are, by and large, far more accepting, well-informed and broad minded than Peter appears to be. My friend suggested that Peter is far more ignorant than most Danes, she also suggested that it is likely he does not know too many Aboriginal people. Peter’s email was sent to a number of people in Copenhagen, I found out about it when some of them wrote to me to apologize for him!

    • SICK OF THE WHINGERS
      Posted May 22, 2012 at 5:41 pm | Permalink

      Well said Peter!!!! I have worked in an Aboriginal former-mission for more than 2 years and I can say he has a large percentage of Aboriginal people pegged to a tee!

      This victimised mentality, co-dependency on government and laziness is so revolting. Well done to all the aboriginal people who have worked hard, studied hard and created a life for themselves and their families without the “pity funds” from centrelink…I’m guessing you either had someone with “white work ethics” in your midst..stolen generation or mixed race?? I don’t know any Murri who is an advocate, scholar, professional or person of admiration that doesn’t have a heavy dose of “white influence”.

      Face the facts! You have been conquered! Get over it! Get a job, look after your bloody children and stop putting your hand out! You should have put up a better fight to keep your land or more frankly the English should have wiped you all out because the 2.6% of you are costing our country a fortune and making our country a place of ghetto violence! I used to be a person of compassion, empathy and looked forward to learning of the culture and empowering the community to be strong, Aboriginal and proud……and I can now honestly say where I have been there is no hope. You now have black blood mixed with white trash creating one of the worse kind of human societies. Harsh, shocking? and true!
      Australia cannot say sorry any longer, they cannot keep hanging their heads in shame..we didn’t do this, our ancestors did, it is done, we cannot go back only forward. So stop bloody whinging and have a go! And P.S Aboriginal came from Africa so you are settlers too!

      • Kevin Fergusson
        Posted June 19, 2013 at 3:35 pm | Permalink

        Reveal your True Name and tell all White Australians that you have mixed with Aboriginal People all over this Country for more than two years. If you didnt have weapons would you have been able to invade in the first place,and why where your Ancestors sent over here (Mostly in Chains) and why did you have War Ships, and By the way Aboriginal People do not have “Black Blood”.

      • Posted June 30, 2013 at 2:11 pm | Permalink

        Fact we are conquering your inability to behave in a socially acceptable manner towards us as your ignorance and small venture into one of our communities has tarnished and blinded your sight, in addition to the fact that you are one whom blanket brands all people that are descendants of the first people of this land and other lands as the worst kind of humans in society came from a bias belief not a person of compassion or empathy.

        It is obvious that the elders saw this in you when you were in the community and stop you from seeing the real beauty of the people on country (protectionism) so that they could get you off that land even if it took them more than two years to do so. This is not your country to claim.

        IT IS COUNTRY WHOM OWNS YOU and if you had the balls to share and embrace the cultural of the land the elders would have shown you a better way to walk. Apparently your Harsh, shocking and true are because of a heavy dose of ‘main stream influence’. That is where the majority of the monies are returned to i.e. mainstream admin costs 95% and for the 2.6% community and grassroots people and programs 5% of the funding.

        Wake up and stop washing your eyes with the toxic waters you have created http://csg.getup.org.au/. The ghetto of violence lives in what you choose to see. Young ones reading this page will see your venomous words. If you have nothing to say that is positive or has solutions to help with going forward, please stop as you are still walking wrong way on country.

        PS: Born and bred here, from this land as our stories contain the law of birth and beginnings that are not from Africa, your mainstream science is yet to catch up.

        • Mike
          Posted August 17, 2013 at 9:06 pm | Permalink

          Yapuru, it took the rest of the world 25,000 years to catch up to how to do ground edge tool technology and we had to show them winged flight and antibiotics. I just hope they get sustainability before they kill us all.

  15. It was invaded.
    Posted May 2, 2013 at 10:59 am | Permalink

    I don’t understand the Daily telegraph following comment:

    “It claimed anyone who subscribed to the view that whites invaded Aboriginal people’s lands in 1788 should go back to where they came from!”

    Well.. Considering the largest group who state that Australia was invaded are Indigenous Australia, Where are you going to send them? They came from here, they’ve been here for over 45,000 years, and they’re where they came from.

    On the 29th of April 1770, Cook planted the British flag in the soil at Botany Bay. Aboriginal people threw spears at the landing party which pretty much said ‘What the hell are you doing here, get off our land’. Cook then fired a shot at a man and injured him. He recorded that the land was inhabited and then went back to England. Then in 1788, the first fleet arrived. They knew the land was inhabited, they knew they were not wanted there, and yet they came anyway and took possession of the land. Call it what you want, but Australia was invaded.

  16. Posted August 5, 2013 at 3:01 pm | Permalink

    Winston Churchill: the truth is incontrovertible, malice may attack it, ignorance may deride it; but in the end, there it is.’

    This truth are entries in Cook’s log book; 28/04/1770 in Canberra – anchored in Botany bay. Cook and Banks wrote an account – rowed to South bank, saw a village. 30-40 crew. 2 warriors came down to warn them off. Ship needed water. Argued. Lt Cook shot at them after 15 minutes. – warriors went back Cook landed went up to the village, which emptied. Australian public don’t know that record exists.”

  17. Posted August 9, 2013 at 7:32 pm | Permalink

    Well said Michael Mansell. It’s sad that people cling to their racist world view. As one of the earlier posters said, the only way to change their point of view is to put them in the shoes of Aboriginal people. When I was a teacher I showed this video to every one of my classes. It’s time to pull it out again.
    Babakiueria – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S7QGPXEycNQ

  18. AJ
    Posted August 11, 2013 at 8:26 pm | Permalink

    Shayne Mallard: “the landmark High Court Wik decision overturning the 1770 legal error of terra nullius”.

    Funny. I always thought it was the Mabo decision that overturned terra nullius.

  19. Australian Republic
    Posted January 22, 2014 at 1:57 pm | Permalink

    Invasion ! only people that know nothing about facts or history throw that word around.
    Firstly – COOK never invaded australia. He had every right like any other explorer to explorer the world – FULL STOP!
    don’t forget the second and 3rd and many other different groups of peoples that kept migrating to australia from south asia over thousands of years, would also be considered as invaders if you follow that line of thinking.
    Not every native australian would be related to the very very very first peoples that made it to australia. Blood and bone tests prove that. So in fact everyone in australia are invaders, incluiding the second etc waves of tribes that settled australia.
    This article is probably more about did Arther Philip invade australia in 1788, on behalf of England….
    Well, to invade, you have to have something to invade. there were no skools, no buildings, no roads etc. Yes there were people, but they were migrating from camp site to camp site, thus making it near impossible to determine if the actual land here or there was permanatly settled. And we can’t put 20th or 21st century thinking and knowledge into peoples from the 1700′s – can we.
    3/4 of those first settlers took on native wives and i would suggest, 70% of all white people in modern day australia that have ancestors that were here in the 1800′s would also have native blood in them.
    People’s from the beginning of time have been moving into other lands people were in or around, yes even native australian’s did this (and sum idiots would call that invasion)
    Different cultures that settle along side each other are suppose to enhance and strengthen the culture, which far as i can tell, has occurred in australia.
    There are more well know, sucessful native people inaustralia, then there is in any other settled country. Australia just worked for the majority that wants inclusion for all. not exclusion that some want.
    Lastly, Australia Day should be held on the First 1st of January – that is when Australia Ferdrataion was founded. plus this would take it away from the 26th Jan, when certain groups from all sides keep using it as invasion day.

    Australia Day is 1st January.

  20. Mike nicholas
    Posted January 22, 2014 at 3:07 pm | Permalink

    pfft

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